Knife. Denmark, Neolithic period, 3900-1700 BC. Stone. Provenance:...


Knife. Denmark, Neolithic period, 3900-1700 BC.
Stone.
Provenance: Private collection, Mezieres-lez-Clery, France. Acquired by inheritance in 2022.
In good state of preservation.
Measurements: 12.5 x 3.2 x 1 cm.
This Danish knife has a flattened blade and a pointed tip. It has been carved on both sides to achieve a sharp, cutting, pointed shape.
There are several factors that explain the great variety of axes and archaeological remains found in Denmark. Firstly, Denmark is a region rich in stone, especially flint, a very suitable material for making tools, including axes. Secondly, as elsewhere in Europe, during the Neolithic period, agriculture and animal husbandry developed in Denmark, leading to an increase in population and the formation of larger and remarkably complex communities. Consequently, there was an increased demand for lithic tools to master the environment, the construction of dwellings and the manufacture of other tools. Finally, numerous studies confirm that Danish and Scandinavian peoples were influenced by the customs of the rest of Europe, revealing the interconnectivity between peoples and regions in the Neolithic and the acquisition of new techniques, including the production of stone tools.
The archaeological discovery of lithic industry (stone tools) is a clear demonstration of human activity and progress. During the Neolithic period, the lithic industry reached a high degree of skill and evolution (in fact, the very name "Neolithic" -new stone- responds to a new way of working stone, which will be polished as opposed to the carved stone of the Palaeolithic, a change that represented a real technological revolution). During the Neolithic, sickles, hoes and knives such as the one we are now presenting began to be made, which helped in agricultural and livestock farming processes and to dominate the environment. As a result, peasant populations secured their livelihoods and were thus able to become sedentary.


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